What is a motherboard?

A motherboard is a printed circuit board (PCB) that creates a kind of backbone allowing a variety of components to communicate, and that provides different connectors for components such as the central processing unit (CPU), graphics processing unit (GPU), memory, and storage. Most computers made today, including smartphones, tablets, notebooks, and desktop computers, use motherboards to pull everything together, but the only kind you’ll typically purchase yourself are those made for desktop PCs.
How to select ?
Basically, you need to make sure that the motherboard is compatible with your CPU and won't bottleneck your GPU. Since you're only running a single GPU, that means any z97 chipset motherboard should be perfectly fine!

One thing with the z97 series is that it can't support two full bandwidth (x16) PCI-E v3  slots. In order to use multiple PCI-E cards it will split the bandwidth, and to use tri- or quad- SLI, it needs to have an extra chip on the board which will add extra bandwidth.

Other than that, make sure you're going with a reputable brand such as Asus, MSI, ASTech, Gigabyte, etc. They all make fine motherboards each with their own specific marketing babble, but all will support the same basic features which are actually determined by the chipset and processor: 4x DDR3 slots with a maximum 32GB ram, 1 PCI-E at 16x with a second at 8x (and splitting down further as you add more cards), and the z97 chipset itself.

Check reviews on a reputable site such as Newegg and make sure that the socket number matches the processor you've chosen, then just look for added features such as extra SATA and USB 3.0 ports.
A few things to consider:

1. Socket: The socket of the motherboard is typically decided by the type of CPU you want, as CPU generally has a greater impact on performance than motherboard. Make sure the socket is correct for the CPU.

2. Size: The form factor (size) of the motherboard is based on what and where you would like to use the computer. Mini-ITX  is great if you're building a home theater PC, but ATX is better for desktop use. Generally speaking: the larger the board, the better the case, the longer the life.

3. On-board features: Whilst audio and network interfaces are typically on-board, many motherboards require an expansion Wi-Fi or Firewire card. Consider this if you plan to use these devices. Also, if you are building a simple rig then consider on-board graphics. If you are building a gaming rig, this would not be so much of a concern. On-board RAID is usually a cheap gimmick, so beware.

4. BIOS tweakability: Most OEM motherboards have a decent array of features that can be manipulated in the BIOS, which can be great to either squeeze out a bit more performance or troubleshoot hardware issues.

Those are the basic rules for a basic build. You will not set any world record overclocking benchmarks with this advice, but it should be good to get you started building a home computer.
The differences between each motherboard can be broken down into two categories:
  • Different generation: determines which generation of CPUs, RAM type, and connecting interfaces (such as USB 2/USB 3) are supported.
  • Different variation within the same generation: determines the feature sets present, such as overclocking support, RAM speed, and channels of connecting interfaces (how many GPUs supported at what speed, how many disk/storage drives, how many USB headers)
  • For choosing the motherboard you would first have to decide whether you are going for Intel processor or Ryzen processor.
    Next thing would be whether you will be overclocking your CPU or not.
    Whether you require a gaming motherboard if you are planning to play games mostly or productivity work like Xcel and stuff.
    Lastly your budget for your motherboard

  • If you just want to game and enjoy the maximum framerate go for intel.
    then whether you want to overclock your cpu or not.
    there are 3 types of motherboards for socket am4{ the socket for ryzen}
    a320, b450 and x570
    a320 is very low end and does not support overclocking unlike b450 or x570 as all amd processors are unlocked. so if you want to go for say, a ryzen 5 3600 a b450 will do fine unless you want to do extreme overclocking go for x570
    now there are again 3 types for motherboards for intel processors
    h310, b360/b365 and z370
    h310 is a low end board which is used by prebuilt manufacturers such as dell which might even bottleneck you system.
    b360/b365 is for processors which do not support overclocking such as i5 9400f. intel processors which are overclockable have a k at the end such as i5 9600k, for such motherboards go for z370 motherboard for overclocking.
  • if you want to do workloads or do game streaming, go for ae on what cpu you are going for amd or intel.
We can consider in the following aspects when picking a motherboard:
  1. CPU socket
  2. 2. Chipset type
  3. 3. Compatibility with memory
  4. 4. Numbers and types of slots and ports
  5. 5. Sizes of motherboard
  6. 6. Price and Brands
1. CPU socket
The first thing you should think about is the type of CPU socket on motherboard, which will determine the physical packaging of the AMD or Intel processor installed on it. There are three types of sockets including LGA, PGA and BGA. Intel uses LGA sockets while AMD uses PGA sockets. BGA sockets aren’t such popular as they can’t be serviced or upgraded. At present, Intel’s most popular socket is LGA1151 while the latest mainstream AMD chips use AM4 sockets. The processor’s specific socket type needs to match the socket type used by the board. So, it is important to take CPU socket type into consideration when picking a motherboard.
2. Chipset type
The second thing you need to consider is what chipset the motherboard has. The chipset will also determine which type of processors and memory are supported.
For Intel motherboards, you can choose a chipset that supports overclocking or not. The motherboards with the letter of “Z” support overclocking while others will not support. Moreover, different types of chipsets support various numbers of ports and slots. So are the AMD chipsets.
3. Compatibility with memory
When selecting a motherboard for your computer, you also need to check the compatibility with the memory. You can consider in the following aspects.
Types. Memory comes in different types including DDR2, DDR 3, DDR4 and DDR4 is the mainstream at present. It is not interchangeable between them. So, a motherboard will only support one or the other. For example, if you have a DDR4 memory, you can only pick a motherboard that supports DDR4.
Speed. Memory has different frequencies including 2133 MHz, 2400 MHz, 2666 MHz and 3200 MHz. If the motherboard only supports the memory frequency of 2133 MHz, although the default frequency of memory is 2400 MHz, it only runs in the frequency of 2133 MHz.
Capacity. Every motherboard has the maximum amount of memory. If the memory exceeds the maximum capacity, the excess capacity is not available. So, you should pay attention to avoiding it when picking a motherboard.
4. Numbers and types of slots and ports
Different types of motherboards support various numbers and types of ports and slots. The main motherboard ports and slots include DIMM slots (for memory), SATA ports, PCIe lanes, Video slot, USB ports, I/O lanes, etc. At present, PCIe is the most important port which is use to connect most components. It varies from person to person depending what type of ports slots we use at most. It is also a key factor to consider when choosing a motherboard.
5. Sizes of motherboard
In general, the motherboard has different types of size including E-ATX, ATX, M-ATX and MINI-ITX. The E-ATX and ATX motherboard are large in size and expensive while the M-ATX and MINI-ITX motherboard have a moderate price with small and medium size. It is recommended to choose the M-ATX and MINI-ITX motherboard for computers for home and office. Additionally, the larger in size of the motherboard, the more expansion slots and ports it has. It is worth reminding that you should consider whether the size of the motherboard is suitable for the size of your computer case when buying a motherboard.
6. Price and Brands
Typically, the entry level motherboards cost less than $50. As for the price of middle-end motherboard, it’s usually between $50 and $150. For example, you can get a motherboard for AMD chipset that supports overclocking for about $200. If you want a high-end motherboard like AMD Threadripper chipset, it will cost more than $200. General speaking, the more expensive motherboard has a stronger expansibility. You should choose the most suitable motherboard according to your own needs, rather than the most expensive.
For quality assurance, it is recommended to buy a motherboard from the large manufacturers. Some of famous motherboard manufacturers include ASUS, Gigabyte, MSI, and ASRock. ASUS motherboard is a good fit for high-end motherboard while you can choose ASRock and Gigabyte motherboard for middle-end motherboard. MSI motherboard is the first choice for AMD players. As for entry-level motherboard, Biostar and Colorful motherboards are a pretty good choice.

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